Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa, Actinidia chinensis)
- GlucoseGlucose: In animal research, the methanolic and n-butanolic extracts of kiwifruit leaf (Actinidia deliciosa) had hypoglycemic activity (21). However, human research has found that a significant effect on blood glucose or plasma insulin was lacking after the ingestion of a kiwi-containing drink by male athletes (45).
- LipidsLipids: In clinical research, hyperlipidemia was found to be a common metabolic adverse effect of PG102 (extract of Actinidia arguta) (48). However, in other research, consumption of kiwifruit resulted in decreased triglyceride levels (26; 13).
- TocopherolsTocopherols: In human research, kiwifruit consumption decreased levels of gamma-tocopherol (102).
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