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BCG

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: BCG Vaccine;TheraCys®;TICE® BCG
    • Brand Names: Canada: BCG Vaccine;ImmuCyst®;OncoticeT

    Uses
    • It is used to treat bladder cancer.
    • It is used to stop TB (tuberculosis).
    • BCG is used to stop TB (tuberculosis) infection.
    • It harms cancer cells causing their death.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Bladder cancer treatment:
    • It is given into the bladder.
    • You will need to try to keep this drug in your bladder for up to 2 hours, but no longer than 2 hours. Keep a note of how long you were able to hold it so you can tell your nurse or doctor at your next visit.
    • It is most often given once a week for 6 weeks.
    • Drink lots of noncaffeine liquids unless told to drink less liquid by your doctor.
    • Use the same toilet each time you use the bathroom in your home. Sit down on the toilet to urinate to keep urine from splashing or spraying.
    • Before flushing, add 1 cup of bleach to the urine. Wait 15 minutes, then flush. Do this for the first 6 hours after BCG is given.
    • Shot:
    • It is given as a shot into the skin.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Very bad infections rarely happen.
    • Sometimes drugs are not safe when you take them with certain other drugs. Taking them together can cause bad side effects. This is one of those drugs. Be sure to talk to your doctor about all the drugs you take.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to BCG or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have any of these health problems: Active TB (tuberculosis), a high fever, HIV infection, a bladder infection, or a weak immune system.
    • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant.
    • If you are breast-feeding.

    Precautions

    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Use birth control that you can trust to stop pregnancy while taking this drug.
    • If you are a man and have sex, use a latex condom even if you have had a vasectomy.

    Side Effects

    • All products:
    • All bad side effects to this vaccine must be reported to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. Ask your doctor to file the report. You may also call to file a report at 1-800-822-7967.
    • Flu-like signs. These include headache, weakness, fever, shakes, aches, pains, and sweating. Mild pain drugs may help.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Feeling tired or weak.
    • Bladder cancer treatment:
    • Bladder irritation.
    • Shot:
    • Irritation where the shot is given.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue or gray skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Signs of infection. These include a fever of 100.5°F (38°C) or higher, chills, very bad sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, more sputum or change in color of sputum, pain with passing urine, mouth sores, wound that will not heal, or anal itching or pain.
    • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
    • High fever.
    • Flu-like signs lasting for more than 3 days.
    • Not able to pass urine.
    • Bright red blood or clots in the urine.
    • Any rash.
    • Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2013 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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